This article analyses the judgment of the Federal Court delivered in Kolonel Dr Faiz Azraai bin Abdul Aziz v Mahkamah Tentera Divisyen Keempat Infantri Malaysia [2023] 4 MLJ 78 (“Kolonel Dr Faiz”) on 16 May 2023. This article is also an written update to our initial article entitled “What’s the meaning of “desertion” under Section 54(1)(a) of the Armed Forces Act 1972?”, as the judgment of the Federal Court has only recently become available.